农历3月3日 女儿节 踏青节

今天突然感觉外边人潮涌动,百度一下今天三月三。

    农历三月初三,古称“上巳日”,是古人出门踏青的日子,叫踏青节。也是古时男女在野外相会,表达爱意的好时机。 也就是女儿节。
    在古代,三月三个非常重要的节日,唐代杜甫的《丽人行》就是写这个节日的盛况的:三月三日天气新,长安水边多丽人——————。
    可惜,宋代以后礼教渐严,男女私会不被容许,这个节日也日趋没落,最终被人们遗忘。踏青也改在清明进行。
不过,幸好西南少数民族仍然保持了三月三这一节日风俗。  
    “三月三”是黎族最盛大的传节日。每年农历三月初三的时候各县、镇、乡、村都要举行隆重的欢庆活动。会场一般设在开阔的橡胶林里,头上绿叶蔽天,脚下“叶毯”铺地,幽邃、凉爽、安谧。难怪“三月三”就成了当地人自由选择配偶而被称为“爱情节”。

    传说远古时 代,聚居于昌化江畔的黎族百姓遭受了一次大洪灾。只有一对恋人坐在大葫芦瓢里幸免于难,被漂流到燕窝岭边。三月初三,洪水退去,俩人结为夫妻。男耕女织, 生儿育女,相濡以沫,辛勤劳作,又渐渐使黎族繁衍发展起来。后人奉他们为祖先,每逢三月三便隆重纪念。

    节日里男女老少身着盛装,带着糕点、粽子,小伙子们 捕鱼,姑娘们做饭烤鱼,然后把祭品供于有天妃和观音 化石的岩洞口。拜祭毕,青年们来到活动会场,进行射 箭、爬竿、摔跤、拔河、荡秋千等。夜幕降临,岸边燃 起堆堆篝火,小伙子撑开花伞,姑娘们的银饰及贝壳饰物在火光下闪闪烁烁。男女青年都会饮酒对歌跳舞狂欢至深夜。情歌婉转,舞蹈渐起,由平缓抒情而进入欢乐奔放。

    有时一对对情人悄悄离开篝火旁, 小伙子把耳铃挂在姑娘耳朵上,把鹿骨做的发钗插在姑 娘的发髻上,姑娘把自己亲手精心编织的七彩腰带系于情郎腰间,双方信誓旦旦,相约明年三月三不见不散。 因三月三从其来历和主要活动内容来说,都与婚恋有关,故而也称为爱情节。

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